Rathandeep – Finance Coach for Women

Financial Planning For The Golden Years: Retirement Preparation

Here’s a question – what do you want to do after you retire? Travel the world, enter into a project you could not take up while you were a working professional? Or, would you rather offer consultation services, have your own office, and finally be your own boss? Whatever your plans, retirement is a journey you want to embark on without the fear of financial loss.

You want to be financially geared in your years of seniority as you’ve aged and that’s the time you need your finances in place. Therefore, in this blog, we will help you understand the steps involved in planning your finances for your retirement age.

Why Is Retirement Planning Crucial?

It’s not just about crunching numbers; it’s about shaping the landscape of your golden years. It is the time when you can pursue the other dreams in life that you had but could not prioritise. 

However, the emotional weight of this process is overwhelming as it involves varied aspirations. Therefore, retirement planning is important so that you won’t regret giving only the prime of your life all the attention it needs. In reality, you’ve also set aside an amazing future for the time that is yet to meet you as you gracefully age. But, how does one plan for their retirement? Let’s explore the various aspects and steps involved in financial planning for retirement.

Preparing For Retirement Through Your Finances

Retirement planning through financial planning involves several key steps to help ensure a secure and comfortable retirement. 

Here’s a comprehensive guide to making sure everything is orderly for the future after you’ve crossed your prime years:

  • Set Retirement Goals
    • Define your retirement goals, including travel, hobbies, lifestyle, healthcare, and other expenses.
    • Determine the age at which you would prefer retiring.
  • Measure Your Current Financial Situation
    • Evaluate your existing income, assets, expenses, and debts.
    • Identify any existing retirement accounts, savings, and investments.
  • Calculate Retirement Expenses
    • How much are you likely to spend after retirement compared to your present times? So, it is essential to evaluate your future retirement expenses like the daily living costs, leisure activities, and healthcare.
    • Remember that inflation and potential increases are likely to occur, especially in healthcare costs. So, this is another aspect you must consider during retirement planning.
  • Establish Retirement Income Sources
    • Identify potential income sources like your pension and other retirement accounts.
    • Calculate the income you’ll need beyond these sources to ensure you achieve your desired lifestyle.
  • Develop a Retirement Budget
    • Develop a comprehensive budget outlining expected expenses and income during retirement.
    • Allot funds for discretionary spending, unexpected expenses, and emergencies.
  • Create an Emergency Fund

Life is unpredictable and so are emergencies. Therefore, make room for emergency funds so you are not spiralled into any unpleasant setbacks during retirement.

  • Optimise Your Retirement Accounts

Contribute to retirement accounts or other employer-sponsored plans. To learn more about the types of retirement accounts, reach out to a financial planner to advise you on the same.

  • Diversify Your Investments
    • You can diversify your investment portfolio to handle risk and potentially improve returns.
    • Revisit and modify your investment strategy as per your risk tolerance and time horizon.
  • Periodically Review and Adjust
    • A retirement plan is for the future which means that life can take turns in unexpected ways. You may start a business, frequently experience career shifts, get married, have children, etc. This can directly impact your retirement budgeting plans. Therefore, review your retirement plan from time to time.
    • Adjust your plan based on income fluctuations, market conditions, or changes to your retirement goals.
  • Take up Long-Term Care Insurance

It’s not necessary that you must do this, but a long-term insurance plan for healthcare is something you would want to consider. Medical complications usually worsen as you age, which means that treatment costs will also increase.

  • Prepare to Eliminate Debts, If Any

If you have any outstanding debts, do not wait until the last moment to pay them off. Develop a strategy to pay off outstanding debts before reaching your retirement age. You do not want this added stress once you retire as you will no longer live on a salaried income. 

  • Explore a Side Income

It doesn’t have to end once you retire. You can still choose to work if you want to. For instance, you can take up part-time work, or pursue a side business so you can supplement your retirement income.

  • Hire a Financial Planner
    • Consult with a financial advisor to get personalised guidance as per your circumstances.
    • In the process, you can also ensure your estate planning is done, including trusts, wills, and powers of attorney.
  • Educate and Update

Stay updated on financial trends, investment opportunities and tax laws so that you can make more informed decisions.

Retirement planning is an ongoing process and it needs periodic assessment and adjustment. By taking these steps, you can build a solid financial foundation for a comfortable, meaningful, and fulfilling retirement.


  1. I am now in my 40s. Is it too late to plan for my retirement?

It is never too late to plan for your retirement. However, it would be advisable to seek the help of a professional financial planner to get you started.

  1. What aspects does retirement planning consider?

Retirement planning considers assets, income, future expenses, liabilities, and life expectancy.

  1. What’s the budget I should aim for while planning my retirement?

The amount you require must be planned in a more personalised way with a financial planner. However, some professionals use the 80% rule, which means that you have enough to be able to live on 80% of your income in retirement. For example, if you made INR 100,000 per year, you will require savings that can produce INR 80,000 per year for roughly 20 years. But again, this depends on various aspects, which is why a financial planner can offer professional guidance in this process.

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